Future Studies of Higher Education
Social construction of Future Reality With emphasis on interdisciplinary studies

A. Rezayan Ghayehbashi; A. Pourezzat

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 1-22


  Organizations, community groups, elites, and government policies in many ways influence the process of future construction, while they are heavily influenced by various scholars. Based on the theories of social status and socialization, and the policy model for the elite of the masses, the future is ...  Read More

Political Sciences
Representation of the West in Motahari’s Political Discourse on the Basis of the Post-Colonial Approach

M. Adibi; M. Tavasoli Roknabadi; M Taghavi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 23-51


  The question of how to confront the West has always been an important issue for Iranians and their political and intellectual elites. The Islamic Revolution of Iran was a product of such a concern. Ayatollah Morteza Motahari, as one of the most important ideologue of the Islamic Revolution, tried to ...  Read More

Future Studies of Higher Education
The Desire to Migrate Among Young Iranians; A Qualitative Study on Future Images

M. Taheri Demneh; M. Kazemi

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 53-78


  Migration is one of those multidimensional phenomena which requires a variety of interdisciplinary approaches and methods to be studies and perceived. Reviewing the literature related to migration illustrates the fact that the theories explaining migration have been developed mostly around the macroeconomic ...  Read More

Humanities and Development
A Study of the Relationship between Social Value Orientations and Sustainable Consumption among Urmia Citizens

H. Honarvar; T. Aghayari Hir; M. Alizadeh Aghdam

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 79-108


  Among various influencing factors on sustainable consumption, are basic social value orientations, as the cornerstone for any human behavior, including consumer behavior. The present survey study aimed at investigating the relationships between basic social value orientations, including; materialism, ...  Read More

Educational Sciences
Factors Affecting the Effectiveness of Environmental Education in Iran; A Research Synthesis of Findings

H. Kaviani; N. Nasr

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 109-141


  Considering the rising trend in conducting research on environmental education, the present study attempted to compile the results of all research having done on the field of environmental education in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Then, in addition to combining the results, it can achieve a single and ...  Read More

Analysis of Social Tensions Caused by Water Scarcity among Rural Farmers: Case Study of Miyanjam Rural District in Torbat-e Jam County

H. Sojasi Qeidari; T. Sadeqlou; R. Hosseini Kahnuj; K. Yazdani Marvi Langari

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 143-168


  Given that agriculture is the most important economic activity of villagers and the largest share of water consumption is in this sector, water scarcity in it can lead to serious crises such as political, economic, social and environmental tensions. And ... in the lives of humans, including rural villagers. ...  Read More

A Read into the Pictorial Metaphors of Hamshahri Newspaper in the Environmental Crisis of Tehran Metropolis

M.S. Ghiasian; M. Vandhosseini; B. Zandi; M.R. Ahmadkhani

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 169-195


  "Water shortage" and "air pollution" are two environmental crises threatening Tehran metropolis, and have caused lots of problems for the citizens. The question is which organization is responsible to investigate these issues? Is it the Environment Protection Agency, the mass media, or the cognitive ...  Read More

Application of social marketing in water management optimization

M. Malekmohamadi; M. Mozaffari

Volume 10, Issue 4 , September 2018, Pages 197-218


  Proper management of water resource patterns is considered as one of the main infrastructure for sustainable development in the energy sector. Drought, population growth, industrialization and urbanization are the factors that have contributed to the country's water supply crisis. In this regard, social ...  Read More