Document Type : Original Research Paper


PhD of Economic Sociology and Development, Department of Social Science, Faculty of Literature and Humanities, University of Mašhad, Mašhad, Iran


This article attempts to explain the extent to which social actors in the field of education have the size and composition of cultural and economic capital? How can the structure of the training field be drawn based on the size and composition of capital under the ownership of social actors? And finally, what is the structure of the field of education in terms of coherence and heterogeneity? Consequently, the conceptual framework of the research was developed based on Bourdieu's ideas. Data gathering and analysis was done by survey method and questionnaire tool. The statistical population of the study was a survey of the teachers and students of Mashhad who were selected by using cluster sampling method and Cochran formula from 360 teachers and 390 students. The results of the research indicate that, in general, the amount of cultural and economic capital of teachers and students is lower than the average level. Structural analysis results also indicate that the training field structure consists of five different classes, which are: upper, medium to high, medium to medium, medium to low, and low. The descriptive results of these classes indicate that more than 70% of the population is in the middle class. This result shows that there is a kind of relative homogeneity between classes in the field of education, and this relative homogeneity indicates the weak competitive relationship in the structure of the training field.