Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 Ph.D. Student of Central Tehran Branch, Department of Anthropology, Department of Communication and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran

2 Assistant Professor of Garmsar Branch, Department of Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Garmsār Branch, Garmsār, Iran


Music, as a subset of the cultural system, has had always a place in cultural and anthropological researches and has been the issue of discussions and dialogues in different school of thoughts from various perspectives such as structuralism, functionalism, semiotics, ethnomusicology, etc. In this study, with reference to the functions of music based on historical developments, in the given period, it was shown that there is an interdisciplinary relationship between music and knowledge of cultural history and anthropology. The theoretical framework in this study was selected based on the functionalism theory of Bronisław Malinowski as well as the theory of structuralism of Claude-Louis-Strauss. Accordingly, in addition to the two structural functions of music, namely aesthetics and the expression of emotions, the supposed functions are added to music according to the requirements of the time and social needs. In the proposed period under study, obvious functions such as creating solidarity, expressing symbolic concepts, function in ritual music, normative function, function of creating emotion as obvious functions as well as hidden functions including: Establishing equal communication with diverse social classes; compassion for the victims of the current situation; creating a specific message about action, awakening and stability, according to the discourse of time in the audience and the extent of the message are obvious.