Document Type : Original Research Paper


1 phd student, Department of sociology, Payame Noor university(PNU), Tehran, Iran

2 Associate Prof. of Social Science/PNU university,Iran

3 Associate Prof. of Demography/Tehran university,Iran



This paper uses a meta-analysis to comparatively evaluate the factors related to childbearing in Iran studies. The analysis is based on 26 studies, which 16 are about fertility desires and 10 are about childbearing attitudes. The results suggest that several factors have negative effect on fertility desires named: education, marriage age, and number of children, social-economic participation, and individualism, attitude to employment, foreign media and internet. As well as, age, rural living, income, religiosity, social protection, number of siblings, and life quality have positive effect on fertility desires, which among them individualism (-0/296) and number of children (-0/224) have the most effect sizes. The results also suggest that income and age difference between spouses have positive effect on childbearing attitude and cultural investment, education, social-economic status, age, and virtual networks have negative effect on childbearing attitudes, which income (0/272) and age (0/258) have the most effect sizes. Therefore there are a lot of social factors which have important role in determining childbearing in Iran and social planners should pay attention to them.


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