Document Type : Original Research Paper


Assistant Professor of Agricultural Education, College of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University of Ilam, Ilam, Iran


The main purpose of this qualitative study carried out in a phenomenological manner was to pro- environmental analysis of the water and drought crisis scenario based on the theory of planned behavior of Ajzen from the view point of farmers in Ilam County. The theory of planned behavior was used to analyze Behavioral pattern. The study used a combination of psychology, anthropology sciences and technical knowledge of agriculture. The studied population of current research was framers who have faced with the most droughts in recent years and irrigation experts of office of jihad Agriculture of Ilam Township and crisis management experts of Ilam Governorship. Subjects were identified through snowball method. The data were collected using in-depth interviews and direct observation and were analyzed based on the clabzi pattern. The results showed that farmers employ indigenous ways such as changing crop patterns, feed store, changing the time of planting, livelihood diversification, restoration of waterways for the adaptation to drought and grazing dry farms, buying water from neighbors, reduce livestock, cut down the trees in order to cope with drought. The results of the experts population indicated that experts are doing actions in three phases before the crisis (integrated management of water resources and institutional capacity building), during the crisis (targeted support and planning system) and after the crisis (agricultural development and sustainable livelihoods).