History of ideas of interdisciplinarity: Transition from an idealistic,iIntegrative approach to a pragmatic, problem-solving one

Gh. Darzi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , July 2019, Pages 1-32

  Interdiaciplinarity is one of the most significant phenomena of our time, but it is not an easy task to come up with a coherent and precise definition. Evidently,the reason is the wide variety of opinion among the experts in this field. A historical approach toward the most practical definitions of interdisciplinarity ...  Read More

Social construction of genetically modified products in Iran: A qualitative study

M. Moazami; M. Tavakol; Kh. Safiri

Volume 11, Issue 4 , July 2019, Pages 33-67

  Genetically modified products have been the site of controversy over the last two decades. The main objective of this study is to examine these claims and identify the claim makers that raise these claims.  This is a qualitative case study and data has been collected from three sources: interview ...  Read More

The necessity and feasibility of interdisciplinarity in pre-academic education, the collage of the future of schools

M. Taheri Demneh; Z. Heidari Darani

Volume 11, Issue 4 , July 2019, Pages 69-99

  Apart from the fact that the conceptualization and application of interdisciplinary fields are still in midway, most studies in this field have focused on f the university and paid attention to the necessity of establishing an interdisciplinarity at the university. However, academic experience has shown ...  Read More

Cultural Studies
Over-determined image of the West in first Iranian travelogues

A. Heydari; A. Khodaei

Volume 11, Issue 4 , July 2019, Pages 131-132

  Our concern is with the image of the west in the first Iranian travelogues. How Elements which shape the west image in these travelogues are assembled? Where is their origin? How they interact with each other and were narrated? The contemporary image of the west is an over-determined and dreamlike image-narration. ...  Read More

Social Sciences
Sociology of a crisis: The social pathology of the water crisis in the Zayandeh-Rood river basin

M. Talebi; M. Zokaie; M. Fazeli; M. Jomehpoor

Volume 11, Issue 4 , July 2019, Pages 133-165

  The Zayandeh-Rood river basin is the only permanent and water-rich river in the central plateau in a densely populated area with a dry and semi-arid climate. Due to precise historical management and supervision, the social problems of water distribution rarely happened. However, since the mid-1980s, ...  Read More

Representation of Iran’s water issue in newspapers; content analysis of Iran, Sharq,, Donyā-ye Eghtesād and Keyhān from 2012 to 2019

H. Khaniki; S. Mousavi

Volume 11, Issue 4 , July 2019, Pages 167-199

  Water Withdrawal in Iran is more than the capacity of renewable resources. In addition, Iran is facing a decline in surface water and groundwater. But, it seems the water problem is not well understood in society. Furthermore, there is no consensus in perception of this problem. The media can play an ...  Read More